Why does stress occur, and how can it be managed?

Why does stress occur, and how can it be managed?

Stress is a normal reaction to the inability to cope with certain demands and situations. If a person does not take actions to manage stress, it might become a chronic condition.

Work, relationships, financial obligations, and other conditions may all generate stress, but anything that offers a real or perceived threat to a person’s well-being can induce stress.

What is the definition of stress?

The body’s natural defence against predators and danger is stress. It floods the body with hormones that prepare the body’s systems to avoid or face danger. This is usually referred to as the fight-or-flight response.

Humans have a partially physical response when confronted with a challenge or threat. The body releases resources that allow people to either stay and face the situation or flee as quickly as possible.

The chemicals cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine are produced at greater levels by the body. The following bodily responses are triggered as a result of these:

  • blood pressure rises
  • muscle vigilance
  • shivering
  • attentiveness

All of these elements help a person respond to a potentially dangerous or difficult circumstance. A quicker heart rate is also caused by norepinephrine and epinephrine.

Stressors are environmental conditions that cause this response. Noises, aggressive behaviour, a fast automobile, terrifying movie scenes, or even going out on a first date are all examples. Stress levels tend to rise in lockstep with the number of stressors.

Physical consequences

Some regular body activities, such as those performed by the digestive and immunological systems, are slowed by stress. The body’s resources may then be focused on breathing, blood flow, attentiveness, and muscular preparation for abrupt usage.

During a stress reaction, the body alters in the following ways:

  • The heart rate and blood pressure increase.
  • The rate of breathing increases.
  • The digestive system becomes more sluggish.
  • Immune activity falls.
  • The muscles stiffen up.
  • Due to a higher level of awareness, tiredness reduces.

The consequences of stress on general health are determined by how a person reacts to a tough circumstance. Some people can be exposed to several stressors in a sequence or all at once without developing a strong stress response. Others may react more strongly to a single stressor.

A person who believes they don’t have the resources to deal with would likely have a bigger reaction, which might lead to health issues. Individuals are affected by stress in different ways.

Having a baby, going on vacation, moving to a nicer house, and obtaining a promotion at work are all examples of pleasant events that can contribute to stress.

This is because they usually include a big shift, extra effort, new responsibilities, and the need to adjust. They also frequently need a person’s journey into the unknown.

A negative response to problems that persist might have a detrimental impact on one’s health and happiness.

How to prevent stress?

Regular exercise may aid with stress management. The following lifestyle changes may be able to assist people to manage or prevent stress-induced feelings of overload.

  • Exercise: Research has shown that exercise can help people with stress memory problems, however, more human research is needed to confirm this.


  • Reducing alcohol, drugs, and caffeine consumption: These substances will not help you avoid stress, and they may even make it worse.


  • Nutrition: A well-balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables helps support the immune system during times of stress. A bad diet can cause health problems as well as increased stress.


  • Prioritization: Spending a little time arranging a daily to-do list and focusing on essential or time-sensitive chores may be beneficial. People may then concentrate on what they have achieved or done for the day rather than the things they still have to finish.


  • Time: Individuals should arrange a time to arrange their calendars, relax, and follow their own hobbies.


  • Meditation, massage, and yoga can all aid with breathing and relaxation. Breathing and relaxation practises might help you relax and slow down your heart rate. Mindfulness meditation includes deep breathing as well.


  • Speaking: Sharing sentiments and worries with family, friends, and coworkers can help a person “blow off steam” and feel less alone. Others may be able to provide unexpected, practical remedies to the stressor.


  • Recognizing the warning signs: A person may be so preoccupied with the problem that they are oblivious to the impact on their body. It’s crucial to stay on top of any developments.


Reading a book, going for a stroll, listening to music, or spending time with a friend, loved one, or pet are all activities that help individuals relax. Some people find that joining a chorus or going to the gym helps them relax.

Being a part of a group can help to alleviate stress and give support and practical assistance when difficult situations arise.

People who are experiencing stress in their daily lives should seek expert assistance. Stress management training, for example, can often be provided by a medical or psychiatric professional.


Techniques for dealing with stress

Stress reduction can be achieved by:

  • the cause of stress is removed or changed
  • changing a person’s perspective on a distressing incident
  • reducing the negative consequences of stress on the body
  • acquiring new coping mechanisms
  • One or more of these techniques are used in stress management treatment.

Self-help books and internet tools can assist people to improve their stress management skills. They can also enrol in a stress management course.

An individual suffering from stress might be connected with personal development courses or individual and group therapy sessions by a counsellor or psychotherapist.